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68 скачиванийLibrary of Congress Control Number: 2013931143 ISBN-13: 978-1-111-34443-6 ISBN-10: 1-111-34443-4 Wadsworth 20 Channel Center Street Boston, MA 02210 USA Introduction Design in the theatre may branch into various areas of special- ization, including scenery, costumes, lighting, sound, and projection. The paths leading to a career in theatre design are numerous and varied. They may come from within the theatre itself or from elsewhere. Many a would-be actor has discovered more excitement in design; directors with a strong visual sense have sometimes become designers. Architects, fine artists, and other trained visual artists equipped with the prac - tical ability to draw and paint and possessing a strong desire to be in the theatre have forged careers as designers. A student standing at the threshold of training for a career in design for the theatre may wonder what the future holds. Never before has theatre training made more sense; today, people with a solid grasp of theatrical design are being hired and are working in myriad related industries. The discipline, dedication, organization, and sense of col- laboration that theatre requires are qualities that easily transfer to any number of fields. The sudden but transitory flush of excitement involving one’s first experiences in the theatre should not, however, obscure the need for a long-range artistic commitment to hard work. Anyone interested in achieving creative and personal fulfillment as a scene, costume, lighting, sound, or projection designer must first thoroughly understand the complexity of theatre as an art form. Theatre is ever evolving, even in definition. During the 20th century it faced sig - nificant changes in its literary, physical, and theatrical form; these reflect evolution in the views of society as well as advances in technology. A wide range of influences has affected theatre. Multiculturalism and globalization have enabled us to understand and appreciate the lives of those with different backgrounds. The attempt to be inclusive has allowed the audience to be more directly involved physically and emotionally and us to consider wholly new theatre forms. Other expectations have also changed, so a much wider array of venues is now acceptable for performance spaces. Television and film are one obvious influence, as more and more playscripts are written as a series of short scenes in numerous locales and more “live theatre”-trained students are pursuing careers in this arena. Computer and digital technology have made the most profound impact. This technology has allowed for increased control of complex physical movement of scenery and light, and revolutionized the way sound is manipu- lated. In many cases, it has changed the way that designers conceptualize, develop, and present their work. In addition, newer forms of storytelling, such as webcasts, podcasts, and YouTube, have increasingly become part of our daily lives. Consider how these have affected designers and their function in the theatre; theatre design has really become, more broadly, entertainment design.